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Optimising OData Refresh Efficiency in Energy Question for Energy BI and Excel

OData has been adopted by many software program options and has been round for a few years. Most options are utilizing the OData is to serve their transactional processes. However as we all know, Energy BI is an analytical answer that may fetch a whole bunch of 1000’s (or tens of millions) rows of knowledge in a single desk. So, clearly, OData will not be optimised for that sort of function. One of many greatest challenges many Energy BI builders face when working with OData connections is efficiency points. The efficiency is dependent upon quite a few elements akin to the dimensions of tables within the backend database that the OData connection is serving, peak learn information quantity over durations of time, throttling mechanism to manage over-utilisation of assets and many others…

So, usually talking, we don’t anticipate to get a blazing quick information refresh efficiency over OData connections, that’s why in lots of instances utilizing OData connections for analytical instruments akin to Energy BI is discouraged. So, what are the options or options if we don’t use OData connections in Energy BI? Nicely, the most effective answer is emigrate the information into an middleman repository, akin to Azure SQL Database or Azure Knowledge Lake Retailer or perhaps a easy Azure Storage Account, then join from Energy BI to that database. We should determine on the middleman repository relying on the enterprise necessities, expertise preferences, prices, desired information latency, future assist requirement and experience and many others…

However, what if we don’t have another choices for now, and we’ve to make use of OData connection in Energy BI with out blasting the dimensions and prices of the mission by shifting the information to an middleman house? And.. let’s face it, many organisations dislike the concept of utilizing an middleman house for varied causes. The best one is that they merely can not afford the related prices of utilizing middleman storage or they don’t have the experience to assist the answer in long run.

On this put up, I’m not discussing the options involving any options; as an alternative, I present some suggestions and tips that may enhance the efficiency of your information refreshes over OData connections in Energy BI.


The ideas on this put up is not going to offer you blazing-fast information refresh efficiency over OData, however they’ll provide help to to enhance the information refresh efficiency. So for those who take all of the actions defined on this put up and you continue to don’t get an appropriate efficiency, you then would possibly want to consider the options and transfer your information right into a central repository.

In case you are getting information from a D365 information supply, you might need to take a look at some options to OData connection akin to Dataverse (SQL Endpoint), D365 Dataverse (Legacy) or Frequent Knowledge Companies (CDS). However remember, even these connectors have some limitations and won’t offer you an appropriate information refresh efficiency. As an example, Dataverse (SQL Endpoint) has 80MB desk dimension limitation. There could be another causes for not getting efficiency over these connections akin to having additional broad tables. Consider me, I’ve seen some tables with greater than 800 columns.

Some options on this put up apply to different information sources and usually are not restricted to OData connections solely.

Suggestion 1: Measure the information supply dimension

It’s all the time good to have an thought of the dimensions of the information supply we’re coping with and OData connection isn’t any completely different. The truth is, the backend tables on OData sources will be wast. I wrote a weblog put up round that earlier than, so I counsel you utilize the customized perform I wrote to know the dimensions of the information supply. In case your information supply is massive, then the question in that put up takes a very long time to get the outcomes, however you possibly can filter the tables to get the outcomes faster.

Suggestion 2: Keep away from getting throttled

As talked about earlier, many options have some throttling mechanisms to manage the over-utilisation of assets. Sending many API requests might set off throttling which limits our entry to the information for a brief time frame. Throughout that interval, our calls are redirected to a unique URL.

Tip 1: Disabling Parallel Loading of Tables

One of many many causes that Energy BI requests many API calls is loading the information into a number of tables in Parallel. We will disable this setting from Energy BI Desktop by following these steps:

  1. Click on the File menu
  2. Click on Choices and settings
  3. Click on Choices
  4. Click on the Knowledge Load tab from the CURREN FILE part
  5. Untick the Allow parallel loading of tables possibility
Disabling Parallel Loading of Tables in Power BI
Disabling Parallel Loading of Tables in Energy BI Desktop

With this selection disabled, the tables will get refreshed sequentially, which considerably decreases the variety of calls, due to this fact, we don’t get throttled prematurely.

Tip 2: Avoiding A number of Calls in Energy Question

One more reason (of many) that the OData calls in Energy BI get throttled is that Energy Question calls the identical API a number of occasions. There are lots of identified causes that Energy Question runs a question a number of occasions akin to checking for information privateness or the way in which that the connector is constructed or having referencing queries. Here’s a complete checklist of causes for working queries a number of occasions and the methods to keep away from them.

Tip 3: Delaying OData Calls

You probably have performed all of the above and you continue to get throttled, then it’s a good suggestion to evaluation your queries in Energy Question and look to see you probably have used any customized features. Particularly, if the customized perform appends information, then it’s extremely seemingly that invoking perform is the perpetrator. The wonderful Chris Webb explains how you can use the Operate.InvokeAfter() perform on his weblog put up right here.

Suggestion 3: Think about Querying OData As a substitute of Loading the Whole Desk

This is without doubt one of the finest methods to optimise information load efficiency over OData connections in Energy BI. As talked about earlier, some backend tables uncovered by way of OData are fairly broad with a whole bunch (if not 1000’s) of columns. A typical mistake many people make is that we merely use the OData connector and get the whole desk and suppose that we are going to take away all of the pointless columns later. If the underlying desk is massive then we’re in bother. Fortunately, we will use OData queries within the OData connector in Energy BI. You may study extra about OData Querying Choices right here.

In case you are coming from an SQL background, then you might love this one as a lot I do.

Let’s take a look on the OData question choices with an instance. I’m utilizing the official check information from the OData web site.

  1. I initially load the OData URL within the Energy Question Editor from Energy BI Desktop utilizing the OData connector
Using OData connector in Power BI Desktop
Utilizing OData connector in Energy BI Desktop
  1. Choose the tables, bear in mind we’ll change the Supply of every desk later
Selecting the tables from an OData connection
Choosing the tables from an OData connection


That is what many people usually do. We connect with the supply and get all tables. Hopefully we get solely the required ones. However, the entire function of this put up will not be to take action. Within the subsequent few steps, we modify the Supply step.

  1. Within the Energy Question Editor, choose the specified question from the Queries pane, I chosen the PersonDetails desk
  2. Click on the Superior Editor button
Advanced Editor in the Power Query Editor
Superior Editor within the Energy Question Editor
  1. Substitute the OData URL with an OData question
Querying OData in Power Query in Power BI
Querying OData in Energy Question in Energy BI
  1. Click on Achieved

As you possibly can see, we will choose solely the required columns from the desk. Listed here are the outcomes of working the previous question:

Querying OData in Power Query
Getting information utilizing OData question

In real-wrold eventualities, as you possibly can think about, the efficiency of working a question over an OData connection can be significantly better than getting all columns from the identical connection after which eradicating undesirable ones.

The probabilities are countless in relation to querying an information supply and OData querying in no completely different. As an example, let’s say we require to analyse the information for folks older than 24. So we will slim down the variety of rows by including a filter to the question. Listed here are the outcomes:

Using OData query filter
Utilizing OData question filter

Some Additional Assets to Be taught Extra

Listed here are some invaluable assets on your reference:

Whereas I used to be on the lookout for the assets I discovered the next wonderful weblogs. There are excellent reads:

As all the time, I might be joyful to learn about your opinion and expertise, so go away your feedback under.

Have enjoyable!



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