HomeEthereumEF-Supported Groups: Analysis & Growth Roundup

EF-Supported Groups: Analysis & Growth Roundup


All of us have rather a lot to be grateful for this vacation season, from the primary birthday of the beacon chain, to the profitable upgrades over the previous yr and the unimaginable progress throughout your complete Ethereum ecosystem.

As a extremely productive yr attracts to a detailed, there are a couple of closing items to ship within the type of updates from many (15+!!) EF-supported groups which are all the time working to enhance the community. And there’s a lot of substantive materials right here, so take a while to kind via the desk of contents, and dig in!

As all the time, this roundup sequence focuses on EF-supported groups whose members are working to develop and enhance Ethereum as an entire. Included on this version are updates from many groups highlighted in the earlier report, and different new and rotating teams.

Get pleasure from! 🦄

Consensus R&D (aka EF Analysis Group)

Authored by Hsiao-Wei Wang

Within the second half of this yr, the milestones in Ethereum consensus R&D included:

To align with The Nice Renaming, we shifted parts to “Consensus Layer” from “Eth2” for clearer communication in the long run.

In early 2022, our crew will concentrate on serving to to ship the “The Merge”, probably the most important consensus protocol improve ever. Happily, we’ve got nice assist from shopper groups, and others in the neighborhood working to make this a actuality! Within the meantime, we can be persevering with our analysis work on knowledge availability, L1 scaling, and the options of the “clear up” fork after The Merge.

Ecosystem Help Program

Authored by ESP Group

We revealed our Q2 Allocation Replace with grants totalling $7,794,000 for the quarter – and Q3 is coming quickly! You can even try current month-to-month roundups right here and right here for extra detailed progress updates from a couple of of our fabulous grantees.

Behind the scenes, we’re engaged on a serious web site overhaul which ought to make it simpler than ever to know ESP’s mission and priorities, and for eligible builders to use for funding or different assist. We will’t wait to launch the brand new website in early 2022!

Ethereum.org

Authored by Sam Richards

To make our work extra accessible and to foster extra neighborhood collaboration, our crew publishes an outline of our quarterly roadmap objectives. See our This fall product roadmap right here.

Blissful holidays to all from the ethereum.org crew 😀🎄 As all the time, our imaginative and prescient with ethereum.org is to create the perfect portal for Ethereum’s rising neighborhood and to function the entrance door to Ethereum for hundreds of thousands of latest guests every month.

Content material updates

Ethereum strikes quick! In addition to updating a whole bunch of pages to make sure our content material stays updated and correct, we’ve additionally launched a bunch of latest content material:

Ethereum.org exists because of a whole bunch of content material and code contributors from the neighborhood. In Q3/This fall, we put emphasis on methods to extend contributions and acknowledge the neighborhood for the work they have been doing:

Some stats (Aug – Dec)

  • Our GitHub contributors elevated by 57%, from 396 to 621 😲
  • Our Discord neighborhood practically doubled, from 6,500 to 12,200 members 🎉
  • We’ve hosted two neighborhood calls and began office-hours for contributors
  • We added 3 new neighborhood guides (trusted members answering questions and moderating chat) 😎
  • We launched tiered POAPs to gamify contributions for content material, code, and translations

Translation Program

Since hiring our new Translation Lead in July, the Translation Program has actually ramped up!

Some stats:

  • Between July and November, the neighborhood collectively translated 1,373,046 phrases for ethereum.org, over 10x the quantity of this identical interval final yr! To place this in perspective, that is equal to translating everything of virtually 20 books 📚!
  • We’ve obtained translation assist from over 2,500 neighborhood contributors 🤯
  • We have now 37 languages dwell on ethereum.org 🌍
  • We launched an initiative to higher acknowledge our translators, together with a leaderboard and translator certificates!

CLR funding

We’re supporting a clr.fund spherical on Layer 2! After over 6 months of contributing to clr.fund’s quadratic funding stack, we’ve merged our adjustments to the upstream repo, which provides L2 community assist and a wide range of net app enhancements.

clr.fund plans to deploy a funding spherical on Arbitrum One geared in the direction of the staking ecosystem in January, and the EF is happy to supply matching funds to the spherical. We hope you take part! Keep tuned for particulars. Yay public items!

We’ve been constructing on the shoulders of giants. Thanks to the clr.fund crew, the MACI crew & clr.fund’s neighborhood of contributors who proceed to push improvements within the ZKP & quadratic funding house.

What’s subsequent?

  • making a studying hub to permit non-technical customers to develop into proficient Ethereum customers
  • constructing extra sources on operating nodes and staking to enhance accessibility
  • additional automating our translation pipeline to launch translated content material out quicker
  • increasing the Translation Program past ethereum.org
  • updating content material to transition away from the Eth2 terminology because the merge approaches

How does that sound?

We respect suggestions on our roadmap. Our guiding ideas are primarily based on delivering probably the most worth within the shortest time, so if there’s one thing you assume we must always work on, please tell us! We welcome concepts and contributions from anybody in the neighborhood.

Extra on contributing

Ipsilon

Authored by Alex Beregszaszi

We have now created a crew web site to offer a transparent explainer and to comprehensively listing our present and previous work.

It’s straightforward to inform from the next headers that within the second half of the yr the crew largely targeted on the EVM. It’s additionally essential to say that we’ve got teamed up with the Geth Group to enhance the efficiency of the EVM interpreter.

EVM Object Format (EOF)

Step one in the direction of this, EIP-3541, went dwell with London and we’ve got performed a survey throughout many testnets and EVM chains to discover a becoming prefix for EOF.

Continued clarifications have been made to EIP-3540 (together with the chosen prefix), and we additionally proposed additional work constructing on prime of it:

  • EIP-3670 to introduce code validation at deploy time
  • EIP-3690 to interchange JUMPDEST opcodes with a JUMPDEST-table
  • EIP-4200 to introduce two new opcodes, RJUMP and RJUMPI, facilitating static jumps

Throughout October we introduced EOF at Liscon (slides right here, however the recording shouldn’t be obtainable) and on the Ethereum Meetup in Berlin (slides, recording).

Different EIPs

EIP-2681 (Restrict account nonce to 2^64-1)

One in every of our previous proposals, EIP-2681, was accepted throughout ACD#120. It codifies a restriction, which was already (partially) carried out in apply in most purchasers. After acceptance we’ve got prolonged the Ethereum State Assessments suite and adjusted the geth implementation.

EIP-3855 (PUSH0 instruction)

EIP-3855 proposes to introduce a PUSH0 instruction which pushes 0 onto the stack. It is a regularly used function, largely achieved as we speak through inefficient or repurposed directions.

Our evaluation discovered that substantial sources might have been saved with this opcode:

To place the “waste” into perspective, throughout current accounts 340,557,331 bytes are wasted on PUSH1 00 directions, which implies 68,111,466,200 gasoline was spent to deploy them.

EIP-3860 (Restrict and meter initcode)

EIP-3860 is a proposal to set a boundary and introduce metering for initcode. This is able to permit for extra optimised evaluation and execution, as a result of implementations would want to cope with much less unknowns.

geth

As a collaboration with the Geth Group, we began to work on measuring and enhancing the efficiency of the EVM interpreter in geth.

On the evaluation aspect two stories are noteworthy:

  • Geth vs evmone compares the velocity of Geth and evmone utilizing the benchmarking suite in evmone.
  • Geth & Go compiler explores the impact of the Go compiler model on the velocity of geth.

Based mostly on these preliminary outcomes, we’ve got regarded into profiling geth, and eventually contributing a number of enhancements to the codebase, most of which has been already merged. A non-comprehensive listing of related PRs: 23952, 23970, 23974, 23977, 24017, 24026, 24031, 24120.

Comply with this hyperlink to see each PR. We plan to proceed this work within the subsequent quarter.

evmone

Two bugfix releases of evmone have been made: 0.8.1 and 0.8.2.

ethash

The crew additionally maintains a C++ ethash/keccak256 library, which is utilized by evmone and Silkworm.

The newest 0.8.0 launch introduces a brand new technique for verifying the ultimate Ethash hashes towards the block issue. That is each a usability and velocity enchancment. The strategy has been posted on Ethresear.ch.

Moreover, ProgPoW has been deprecated within the library.

Fizzy

The crew additionally participated within the Wasm in Web3 convention throughout September. We gave two displays:

  • Fizzy — A deterministic interpreter (slides) gave a complete overview of what Fizzy is, the way it compares to different engines, and likewise explains the reasoning behind lots of the design decisions we made.
  • Bizarre quirks whereas testing WebAssembly reveals a wide variety of edge instances we’ve got encountered whereas creating Fizzy. The speak additionally provides some potential options and explainers for these edge instances, in addition to how we’ve got prolonged the official WebAssembly take a look at suite to cowl them.

Formal Verification

Authored by Leo Alt

Within the second half of the yr the FV crew continued to concentrate on our current instruments:

Act:

  • We lastly launched Act 0.1! You may learn the superb tutorial at https://fv.ethereum.org/2021/08/31/act-0.1/ to examine what’s attainable presently and the best way to use it.
  • We’re presently refactoring error dealing with to enhance usability.

Hevm:

SMTChecker:

  • Observe the balances of contracts exactly, together with msg.worth despatched to and from the analyzed contracts.
  • Additionally assist the low-level name operate as an unsafe exterior name.
  • Enhance counterexamples by reporting block.*, msg.* and tx.* values which are essential for failed verification targets.
  • Report contract and reentrancy inductive invariants again to the person.

Geth

Authored by Felix Lange

Within the second half of 2021, we revealed 9 geth releases. As traditional, our time has been break up between EIP overview/implementation, shopper optimization/upkeep and reviewing code adjustments proposed by the neighborhood.

In July, the London laborious fork, which included EIP-1559, was activated. The brand new gasoline pricing scheme outlined by this EIP required many adjustments throughout all subsystems of geth. We’re nonetheless discovering and fixing corner-case points associated to EIP-1559 now, six months after its introduction.

Two safety vulnerabilities have been found prior to now six months. For each of them, we adopted our safety advisory coverage: we instantly assigned a CVE quantity to the problem and revealed a hotfix launch. Technical particulars concerning the vulnerability have been revealed 6-8 weeks later.

Within the final quarter of 2021, our work has largely shifted in the direction of implementation and testing of The Merge. We’re on observe to show geth into the ‘execution layer shopper’ of the merged execution+consensus (fmr. “eth1+eth2”) layers. In preparation for The Merge, we’ve got re-written a lot of the sync code to function below management of the consensus layer. Geth additionally participates in Merge testnets.

Moreover, the geth crew has been engaged on a number of long-term initiatives, resembling implementation of Verkle Timber, a beacon chain gentle shopper, and a brand new database storage scheme for the Ethereum state.

Javascript Group

Authored by Holger Drewes

Within the final two quarters of 2021, preparations for “the massive transitions” on the Ethereum community was a robust focus of our work. We participated within the Merge Interop in Greece and launched the primary Merge-testnet prepared variations of our shopper, VM and associated libraries (see e.g. the EthereumJS shopper v0.2 launch). We additionally began on an thrilling experiment with the Go-Ethereum Verkle/Stateless crew to natively take a look at stateless block execution primarily based on a verkle proof served alongside a modified block header through devp2p inside our shopper. If you’re you may see the next monitoring problem to look at our progress.

A bit extra relevant for the top person proper now: the assist of our libraries for the rising L2 networks like Polygon, Arbitrum or Optimism has been improved. These and another networks can now instantly be referenced to e.g. ship a transaction to a sure L2 community. See e.g. the Widespread v2.6.0 launch for the newest Optimism L2 community integration.

And final however not least: there’s a VM ArrowGlacier launch obtainable and on the Ethers.js entrance. Richard has simply posted an thrilling overview on the upcoming Ethers.js v6 library adjustments and updates on his weblog.

Privateness & Scaling Explorations

Authored by Thore Hildebrandt

The Privateness & Scaling Explorations crew works to bridge the hole between cutting-edge analysis in zero-knowledge proofs, and utility growth on Ethereum.

zkEVM

The aim of zkEVM is to run good contracts in a zk-rollup. Sadly, the EVM was not designed to run in a zk circuit which makes it a problem. We need to implement the complete set of EVM opcodes instantly into the zk circuits so a sensible contract operating on L1 could be deployed to L2 with minimal modifications. This may permit full compatibility with current tooling and allow us to leverage information of the EVM that the ecosystem has constructed up over the previous years. We’re making good progress on specification of the opcodes and implementation of the circuits, and we’ve got early benchmarks and an essential aim going ahead to convey prover time down.

ZKOPRU

ZKOPRU (zk-optimistic-rollup) is a layer-2 scaling resolution for personal transactions utilizing zk-SNARK and optimistic rollup. It helps personal transfers and personal atomic swaps inside the layer-2 community between ETH, ERC20 and ERC721. It additionally offers immediate withdrawal with pay-in-advance options and compliance compatibility utilizing spending key and viewing keys. ZKOPRU has just lately launched on testnet – go forward and test it out. We’re engaged on enhancing sync-times and on a personal trade function.

Unirep & Unirep Social

UniRep is a personal and non-repudiable popularity system. Customers can obtain constructive and detrimental popularity from attesters, and voluntarily show that they’ve at the very least a specific amount of popularity with out revealing the precise quantity. Furthermore, customers can’t refuse to obtain popularity from an attester. We’re utilizing Unirep to construct Unirep Social: a Reddit-like platform that permits customers to privately accumulate karma. Constructing the Unirep Social web site was our focus prior to now months. Proofs in Unirep are actually listed in order that they are often referred many occasions and forestall one proof from being submitted twice. Unirep can now deal with an preliminary popularity airdrop and person state transition airdrop. We’re additionally enhancing the effectivity in producing person state and Unirep state.

Primary capabilities, frontend design, frontend and backend of Unirep Social are full, and we’re planning a closed pre-alpha launch. Take a look at this blogpost if you wish to be taught extra.

CLR.fund for Everybody

The aim of the challenge is to make it straightforward for any neighborhood to run their very own CLR spherical with clr.fund. This challenge has been very busy. Now you can deploy your individual quadratic funding utility with the clr.fund Deployer. Empower your neighborhood to decide on and fund its personal future, in a completely decentralized method. Take a look at our Subgraph and Documentation.

InterRep

Repute is the important thing to belief. Folks spend years build up their popularity on centralized social platforms, however they’ve to start out from nothing at any time when they begin utilizing a brand new app. InterRep goals to make popularity moveable to broaden the compounding advantages of trusted human interactions throughout the net. Take a look at this blogpost for the preliminary announcement and the repo. Prior to now quarter we’ve got expanded the vary of social proof sources, to POAP and electronic mail and have curated teams: on-chain, and off-chain through a Telegram bot. We’re doing a UI redesign, enhancing interplay with shopper purposes and making ready for a dwell launch.

Semaphore / ZK-Keeper

Semaphore is a zero-knowledge gadget which permits customers to show their membership of a set with out revealing their authentic id. On the identical time, it permits customers to sign their endorsement of an arbitrary string. It’s designed to be a easy and generic privateness layer for Ethereum dApps. Use instances embody personal voting, whistleblowing, mixers, and nameless authentication. With ZK-Keeper we’re focussing on preserving Semaphore updated with the newest zk instruments and integrating it with different initiatives like InterRep. We have now new libs for dealing with semaphore proofs and identities. Implementation is now executed on prime of Halo2 and we’re getting it prepared for use within the browser.

RLN

RLN (Fee Limiting Nullifier) is a assemble primarily based on zero-knowledge proofs that allows spam prevention for decentralized, nameless environments. In nameless environments, the id of the entities is unknown. We have now just lately revealed an explanatory weblog put up to get extra individuals excited concerning the thought. We have now completed analysis round “Feasibility evaluation for ETH2 Validator privateness utilizing RLN”. We’re engaged on productionalizing the “Non-public immediate chat app utilizing RLN and Interrep” challenge. We’re additionally serving to to combine the ZK-Keeper plugin into the RLN initiatives.

Protocol Help

Authored by Tim Beiko

The Protocol Help (PS) crew was fashioned in 2021 to develop the variety of methods during which the groups constructing or interacting with the Ethereum base layer are supported. The crew’s foremost focus is enabling core builders to ship community upgrades on Ethereum’s execution layer.

To this impact, Berlin, London and Arrow Glacier have been deployed this yr. Past these, PS spent important efforts working in the direction of The Merge, first with Rayonism, then the Amphora workshop and now the Kintsugi Devnet!

This accelerating tempo and scope of change has required extra outreach to the Ethereum neighborhood, which led our crew to arrange frequent Neighborhood Calls. Throughout these, utility, infrastructure and tooling builders have been invited to debate the best way to finest assist protocol upgrades and supply a clean transition for his or her customers. Alongside these calls, the crew has given a number of talks and revealed a number of posts concerning the altering Ethereum roadmap, resembling this current all core devs replace, this piece in Bankless and this current put up on the Merge and the applying layer within the EF Weblog.

Past protocol upgrades, the PS crew has taken on two main initiatives to make sure purchasers groups are properly supported. First, a Consumer Incentive Program was introduced to offer groups Ethereum-aligned long-term incentives. This system offers shopper groups with a set of 144 validators that they need to run utilizing their software program. Assuming groups hold assembly sure efficiency benchmarks on mainnet, these validators are steadily vested to the groups, that are free to both liquidate them or hold them operating to gather rewards and charges. This program aligns groups with Ethereum, ensures they’re “dogfooding” their purchasers on mainnet, and that they hold delivering performant software program.

Second, a Core Developer Apprenticeship Program was launched. This program supplied stipends and mentorship to self-directed people who wished to dive deep into protocol growth. CDAP was launched as an experiment which proved to be extremely profitable! Two cohorts have been run, with over 25 members. Of those, at the very least 5 are actually working full time within the ecosystem. These preliminary cohorts have taught us rather a lot about what was good and what might be improved with this system. Anticipate a revamped CDAP in 2022!

Lastly, the crew experimented with offering infrastructure to the shopper groups and broader neighborhood. To that finish, crawler.ethereum.org was shipped and open-sourced. We hope that having a further crawler operating and obtainable for the neighborhood to enhance, modify or fork helps present higher views of the community’s topology.

Remix

Authored by Rob Stupay

Over the previous 6 months, the Remix crew has unscrewed the again of our app to do some in depth rewiring. First amongst these adjustments was continued work on shifting our code to React. We additionally expanded our attain by dialing in some efficient channels to new communities, and onboarding new customers with a primary product “tour” of our IDE. We’ve plugged in initiatives into our “expertise”, integrating Slither, and Hardhat, in addition to updating the Remix VSCode extension.

And, if that’s not sufficient, we jammed on some instruments for collaborative coding, enhancing Decentralized GIT and integrating Github. Final however not least, we’ve up to date our current plugins. In brief, we’ve maxed it out to 11.

See extra particulars in our article.

Strong Incentives Group

Authored by Barnabe Monnot

The RIG (Strong Incentives Group) welcomed new crew members and took part in lots of essential milestones for the Ethereum protocol. For a fast refresher on what the RIG is and what we care about, you may try Protocol cryptoeconomics with the RIG, introduced by Barnabé at EthCC in July.

On the Proof-of-Stake consensus aspect, Caspar, who joined us as full-time analysis scientist earlier this yr, discovered a problem with the present fork selection, written up as Three assaults on Proof-of-Stake Ethereum. Happily, there’s a sturdy candidate repair that was just lately merged within the consensus specs, after many productive discussions with Stanford’s Tse Lab, who co-authored the “Three assaults” paper. Caspar and others additionally proposed a unique mitigation (“proposer view merge”), that’s nonetheless below analysis. Take a look at Caspar at Liscon presenting his outcomes!

Shyam, who joined us first as analysis intern final summer time and is now a analysis assistant on the RIG, launched a sequence of notebooks exploring the beacon chain statistics from many distinctive angles, together with oceanic video games and inequality. Shyam has additionally been engaged on an extension to our Beacon runner PoS simulation engine that features reinforcement studying. Take a look at his speak at EDCON!

Block 12,965,000, August fifth, 12:33:42 PM UTC, was an essential date for us: the London laborious fork activated, and with it, EIP-1559. Over the past yr, we’ve launched a sequence of notebooks presenting varied simulations of the brand new payment market mechanism, which set the stage for additional evaluation after launch. Barnabé reported some outcomes early after, and with co-authors (together with Shyam) wrote up a longer-form paper, Transaction Charges on a Honeymoon: Ethereum’s EIP-1559 One Month Later. The paper is motivated by the behaviour of the 1559 replace rule in the actual world, and opens new analysis instructions for enhancements to the rule.

The RIG was additionally carefully working with the cadCAD Edu crew in making ready a web based masterclass in validator economics, supported by a completely extensible mannequin of Ethereum economics (in Python).

Snake Charmers [Python Ecosystem]

Authored by Keri Clowes

Within the second half of 2021, the Snake Charmers crew accomplished the adjustments wanted throughout the ecosystem to assist the London laborious fork. This concerned wide-ranging, elementary adjustments all through our stack, particularly in Py-EVM, Ethereum Tester, Web3.py, and eth-account. There have been additionally two bug bounties submitted for Py-EVM which were fastened. We’ve ramped up efforts to generate academic content material, and positioned a much bigger emphasis on developer relations. And as all the time, there’s ongoing neighborhood assist, problem triage, and bug squashing throughout our Python instruments.

Fe-lang

Authored by Grant Wuerker

Over the previous 6 months, the Fe crew has reduce the next releases:

0.11.0-alpha “Karlite” (2021-12-02)

  • multi-file assist
  • operate definitions on structs

v0.10.0-alpha “Jade” (2021-10-32)

  • module-level constants and capabilities
  • unsafe assist

v0.9.0-alpha “Iridium” (2021-9-29)

  • self declarations in operate signatures

v0.8.0-alpha “Haxonite” (2021-8-31)

  • query-based evaluation utilizing Salsa

0.7.0-alpha “Galaxite” (2021-07-27)

  • Solidity ABI decoding checks

0.6.0-alpha “Feldspar” (2021-06-10)

If you want to know extra about our progress over the past 6 months, you may checkout the next sources:

Portal

Authored by Piper Merriam

This yr has been a giant yr for the Portal Community. We began this yr with an thought and solely a unfastened plan for the best way to construct a peer-to-peer community that might ship light-weight entry to the Ethereum protocol. We now have three impartial groups and implementations and are properly underway to launching the preliminary testnet which ought to evolve into a completely useful community by the top of 2022.

The EF Portal crew has been working laborious on Trin, a portal shopper written in Rust. The EF Javascript crew has additionally been engaged on Ultralight, a portal shopper written in Typescript aimed toward being runnable within the browser. The crew from Standing.im has additionally been engaged on Fluffy, a portal shopper supposed for integration with the Standing ethereum shopper and pockets options.

Throughout this yr we’ve got solved the beforehand unsolved downside of the best way to distribute the present Ethereum State in a fashion that’s conducive to environment friendly storage and retrieval. We established the Portal Wire Protocol, an extensible base protocol that’s the basis of all the networks making up the Portal Community. We additionally had the pleasure of working with a number of members of the Core Developer Apprenticeship Program who used the Portal Community initiatives as a leaping off level for moving into Core Protocol growth.

Safety [Security / Consensus Tests]

Authored by Safety (Safety / Consensus Assessments) Group

On the safety and testing aspect, loads of consideration has been given to the London improve and the upcoming merge. We’ve made updates on tooling for take a look at authoring and continued to enhance the reference checks.

Solidity

Authored by Franziska Heintel

Within the second half of this yr, we launched Solidity variations 0.8.8, 0.8.9, 0.8.10 and 0.8.11:

  • Solidity 0.8.8 brings you person outlined worth sorts as a serious new function. It additionally improves overriding interface capabilities, studying from immutables, and extra.
  • Solidity 0.8.9 is a pure bugfix launch and fixes two essential, however low severity, bugs:
  • Solidity 0.8.10 comprises exterior operate name optimizations, allows the brand new EVM code generator for pure Yul mode and might report contract invariants and reentrancy properties via the SMTChecker.
  • Solidity 0.8.11 provides a primary implementation of a Language Server and permits a safer method to carry out ABI-encoding.

Furthermore, a number of Solidity crew members introduced at ETHGlobal’s Developer Software Summit:

The Solidity documentation obtained a couple of upgrades, most notably, we…

  • up to date the sources part with common sources, Ethereum IDEs, editor integrations, Solidity instruments, Solidity parsers and grammars.
  • added the performance to open code examples within the documentation instantly in Remix.

Lastly, we launched our yearly Solidity Developer Survey. If you’re a Solidity developer, please take 10 minutes to share your suggestions and participate within the survey right here. The survey can be open till thirty first of December 2021.

Oh and we’re hiring! Take a look at our C++ Engineer Solidity opening.

ZoKrates

Authored by Thibaut Schaeffer

Within the second half of 2021, ZoKrates superior on completely different fronts:

Language

  • Kind aliasing, in addition to the power to make operate calls in fixed definitions
  • Help for the ternary expression syntax
  • Allow fixed generics on structs

Proof methods

  • Discount of the deployment price for some Solidity verifiers
  • Expose recursive verification in the usual library
  • Add assist for Groth16 MPC ceremonies (coming quickly)

Compiler efficiency

  • In depth work on decreasing reminiscence and time necessities of the compiler (coming quickly with metrics!)

For a full listing of the adjustments, try the changelog



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